Governance Process

What is a Governance Process?

Governance processes, as defined by the Institute of Internal Auditors, are the procedures utilized by representatives of an organization’s stakeholders that provide oversight of risk and control. Governance processes are supervised and regulated by stakeholder management teams and other executives. 

Process governance allows businesses to consolidate and regulate tasks, workflows, and procedures that standardize project execution. This aims to ensure the smooth delivery of objectives for both managers and clients.

Process governance includes activities relating to developing, launching, controlling, and reviewing policies, guidelines, and technology adoption frameworks that guide process management practices within an organization.

What is a Governance Process in Project Management?

Project governance provides direction, guidance, and orientation for decision-making procedures and metrics that validate impacts and outcomes for specific projects within an organization. 

Project governance is used by teams to facilitate the delivery of objectives and offer quick issue resolution based on easily accessible internal problem-solving forums.

What are Governance Processes and Procedures?

Effective governance is measured by the ability of every human, organizational, financial, and technical resource to be utilized in fulfilling a business mission. Visions need to be clearly defined and measurable whilst remaining compliant with company principles, policy directives, and constraints. 

Businesses should evaluate the current social, economic, political, and regulatory environments in which they operate. Doing so ensures that business processes are not created in a bubble, but instead have factored external influences into the equation when making important regulatory decisions.

What are the Best Practices of Process Governance?

The five basic principles of process governance are: 

  1. Establish process standards 
  2. Prioritize process projects 
  3. Put someone in charge 
  4. Define roles and responsibilities 
  5. Create a center of excellence

What is a Data Governance Process?

The data governance process ensures that data conforms to predisposed standards and business rules as it is administered into a system. The process incorporates the people, processes, and technologies that guarantee clean and secure data. 

The three elements of good data governance are as follows: 

  1. A policy framework that’s designed and implemented by stakeholders that outlines how data will be handled. 
  2. An actionable implementation plan that includes the use of tools and technology to assign responsibilities to data stakeholders. 
  3. Dedication to the ongoing scrutiny and examination of policies against business objectives. 

What Does a Data Governance Process Model Look Like?

A data governance model is a framework that establishes and defines processes related to data creation, data-driven storage, maintenance, and data disposal. There are numerous different types of data governance process models that are built with the specific needs of industries and businesses in mind. 

The four most common governance models include: 

  1. Decentralized Data Governance Model with Single Business Units – This model consists of individual business users that utilize, create, and manage their own data. 
  2. Decentralized Data Governance Model with Multiple Business Units – This model enables multiple businesses to use and share customer or vendor data from master data pools. 
  3. Centralized Data Governance Model – This model comprises both single and multiple business units with centralized maintenance of master data. 
  4. Centralized Data Governance Model with Decentralized Execution – This model provides a centralized data governance commodity that is responsible for defining the overall data governance framework and policies.

Clinical Governance

Governance in the healthcare industry is referred to as clinical governance. Gartner defines clinical governance as “a system through which healthcare providers and organizations are accountable for continuously improving the quality of their services and safeguarding the highest standards of care by creating an environment in which excellence in clinical care flourishes”. 

Excellent clinical governance is defined by the structures and processes that lead, direct, and manage the quality of a service. This traditionally includes recognizing and minimizing risk, investigating sub-par performance, driving quality improvement, and disseminating best practices. 

What is a Corporate Governance Process?

Corporate governance is a network of rules, policies, and processes that govern how a company is directed, organized, and controlled. The most important thing about corporate governance is defining power, accountability, and decision-making. It’s an essential toolkit that business leaders and stakeholders use to effectively handle the changes of operating a business. 

Corporate governance frameworks ensure the long-term effectiveness of decision-making processes and controls by fulfilling the needs of stakeholders and making sure they are balanced.

What is an Architecture Governance Process?

An architecture governance process is a set of actions taken by an organization to execute and ensure effective decision-making and accountability is enforced during the undertaking of an architecture strategy. The architecture governance process defines the strategy, whilst the standards and principles establish the building blocks used to execute policies. 

Governance Process Examples

Governance incorporates numerous processes and refers to how groups or individuals interact with decision-making authorities. Governance processes are defined by recognizable structures or frameworks that are accountable to specific groups or individuals within an organization. 


The following are prime examples of governance processes: 

  • IT Governance 
  • Corporate Governance 
  • Environmental Governance 
  • Project Governance 
  • Private Governance  
  • Public Governance 

How does the Governance Process Affect Digital Transformation?

Business leaders and stakeholders need to be actively involved in the initiation and expansion of digital transformation strategies. Higher-ups need to take a keen and willing approach to digital transformation and incorporate it into policies, frameworks, and decision-making processes to effectively elevate business practices and prepare for the future. 

One of the most important aspects of the digital governance process is guaranteeing the integration of digital initiatives with existing IT transformation projects, regulations, systems, and capabilities. Digital transformation is an end-to-end process which means that it’s closely linked to back-end business procedures, systems, and policies.

Digital transformation requires agility from each and every employee and manager. And, while governance is a set of rules or guidelines in and of itself, there is a level of flexibility which must remain available for stakeholders in order to continuously align governance processes with the needs of the company and its customers.


Process governance ensures that fundamental process improvement initiatives are in line with business objectives and strategies across the board. It measures the success and failures related to business transformation initiatives within an organization and helps CIOs to establish a clear development strategy. 

Process governance provides and drives the realization of targeted digitalization benefits. It also fosters an environment for complete innovation and change that supports the ongoing development of digital processes—which is essential for all businesses operating in the digital age. Ultimately, risk is dramatically reduced when proper process governance is adopted because it keeps groups clearly informed and accountable.

Updated: April 05, 2022

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