Edge Computing

What Is Edge Computing?

Edge computing is a distributed computing model that incorporates computation and data storage and brings them closer to the sources of data. Edge computing allows for the computational processing of sensor data away from centralized nodes and moves it towards the logical edge of a network and near individual sources of data.


Edge computing can also be referred to as a distributed IT network architecture that encourages and facilitates mobile computing for locally produced data. Edge computing permits data to be captured, stored, and processed near the client source instead of in a centralized data processing facility.

What Are The Advantages Of Edge Computing?

One of the main advantages of edge computing is that it enables data processing to take place locally which requires less time and a shorter latency period for the device and the user respectively. Edge computing has proved to be particularly beneficial for IoT devices such as smart home hubs that are now able to answer user queries much quicker. This is because edge computing allows for the quick transfer of local data and doesn’t need to travel through a cloud data center.


Edge computing also conquers security pressures and risks associated with more traditional computational systems. It does this by processing and storing data at the local server or device levels instead of in data centers. This results in less data needing to be transferred through the cloud which means that less data needs to be monitored and managed in the event of a breach.

How Does Edge Computing Help With Digital Transformation?

The basis of digital transformation is ingrained in transforming analog activities into digital ones. Edge computing is cited as a new, revolutionary technology that has the capacity to radically change the way businesses operate. Organizations are seeking to break free from the historic limitations of traditional cloud-based networks and are now investing heavily in computational edge systems.


In the future, the internet of behaviors (IoB) will leverage next-generation growth that will introduce endless innovative possibilities that will reimagine products and services, user experience, and operational excellence. Edge computing is an essential mechanism that works hand-in-hand with digital transformation to initiatives to strengthen operational efficiency, increase performance and guarantee data safety. It also helps facilitate the automation of key business processes which is crucial in achieving total digital transformation.

Edge Computing vs Cloud Computing

Edge computing defines computational activities that sit at the edge of a network, which includes easily accessible hardware and software stored at physical locations.


Cloud computing on the other hand is the process of running workloads within clouds and utilizes remote servers hosted on the internet to store, process, and manage data.

Fog Computing vs Edge Computing

Edge computing is essentially data computation that takes place at the edge of a network. Edge network data is usually accessed and stored in close proximity to the physical location that created the data.


Fog computing acts as a mediator between the edge and the cloud for a variety of reasons but mainly for data filtering. Fog computing enables the continuous filtering of important information from the big data collected by devices and uploads it to the cloud by transmitting filtered data.

What Are The Types Of Edge Computing?

There are four primary types of edge computing. These are as follows:

  1. Cloud  – Cloud edge computing refers to the vast data centers run by cloud companies including AWS, Azure, and GCP.
  2. Device Edge – Device edge contains one or more small servers called nano servers. They have limited processing power and are located in places that aren’t typically associated with data centers.
  3. Computer Edge – Compute edge utilizes small data centers that are located next to IoT devices. The main advantage of computer edge is reduced system latency because data is less relative to the cloud.
  4. Sensor – IoT sensors are instruments that collect, collate and compile data whilst simultaneously performing monitoring actions. These instruments usually don’t contain any computing power and instead work through continuous communication with system edge, network edge, or cloud.

What Is Edge Computing Architecture?

Edge architecture is simply a distributed computing architecture that contains all of the components active in edge computing.


These include:


  • Devices
  • Sensors
  • Servers
  • Clouds
  • Data

What Describes The Relationship Between 5g & Edge Computing?

5G is having a tremendous impact on enterprise edge adoption. The rollout of 5G enables infrastructure that consumes less power but delivers more computational capacity at the edge.


5G and edge computing complement one another by dramatically reducing network latency and placing compute and storage resources inside network infrastructure.

How Can Edge Computing Be Used To Improve Sustainability?

It’s estimated that data centers consume more than 200 terawatt-hours (TWh) of energy consumption each year. Data centers produce an estimated 2% of all global CO2 emissions which are projected to see a continued, systematic rise in the future.


Edge computing enables ongoing sustainability because data is stored on the edge of the infrastructure, lessening the need for large packets of information to be sent across global networks. This means that edge computing lowers bandwidth and is optimized for resource efficiency allowing businesses to better utilize existing infrastructure and hardware.

What Is Mobile Edge Computing?

Mobile operators and carriers are working on mobile edge computing (MEC) that allows for computing, networking resources, and storage to be integrated with the base station. This enables compute-intensive and latency-sensitive applications such as augmented reality (AR) and image hosting to be processed quicker and more efficiently at the edge of the network.

What Is Multi-Access Edge Computing?

Multi-access edge computing works by moving the computing of traffic and services from a centralized location to the edge of a network and closer to where the data was created. Multi-access edge computing provides an easily accessible distributed computing environment that’s built for service and application hosting.


Multi-access cloud computing also can store, process, and compile content closer to cellular subscribers which enables faster response time and less data intensity.


Edge computing is a revolutionary new technology that is changing the way data is accessed and stored. When edge computing systems are integrated and used by IoT devices, latency and bandwidth are reduced. This vastly reduces the need for massive centralized data centers that consume enormous amounts of energy.


When computing takes place on the edge, it opens up the door for the efficient transfer of data that uses fewer resources than centralized cloud systems.

Updated: November 25, 2022

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